A major new, 45-ton piece of a hydroelectric turbine today began a 2,720-mile journey to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Chief Joseph Dam in eastern Washington this week, where it will boost the renewable power generated by the Columbia River.
The turbine runner manufactured by Alstom Hydro under contract with the Corps requires a police escort in some areas, since it measures more than eight feet high and 16 feet in diameter.
Its route from Alstom's manufacturing facility in Sorel-Tracy, Quebec, Canada was determined in part by weight limitations of roads and highways.
A runner is the central part of a hydroelectric turbine that rotates under the action of water to generate electrical power.
The upgraded turbine runner is the first of 10 new and more efficient runners to be installed at Chief Joseph by 2014. The new runners and related turbine component repairs and replacements will increase the dam's power generation by more than 40 megawatts and boost the efficiency of the turbines to 95 percent or better. That is enough to power more than 30,000 additional Northwest homes compared to the 50-year-old runners being replaced.
The Bonneville Power Administration is financing the upgrades through an agreement with the Corps of Engineers as authorized by the National Energy Policy Act of 1992, under which a portion of revenues from hydropower generated at federal dams can be reinvested to operate, maintain and improve the federal generation projects.
"This makes the most of the Columbia River's immense power and provides even more affordable, reliable and renewable electricity for the Northwest," said Steve Oliver, BPA's vice president for generation asset management. "This turbine and the others to follow help us use the available water as efficiently as possible, which is especially important in a dry year like this one."
This is one of the driest years in the Columbia Basin in the last half-century. The approximately $120 million in turbine upgrades at Chief Joseph will help the agencies that operate the hydropower system produce more clean energy while protecting natural resources such as salmon and steelhead. More efficient turbines also experience less wear, reducing maintenance costs that otherwise add to power rates.
Chief Joseph Dam is the second-largest hydropower producing dam in the United States and the largest operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. BPA markets and distributes power from Chief Joseph and other federal dams to Northwest utilities.